Names - K -
- Kacangala.-See Kajangala.
- Kácaragáma, Kájaragáma, Kátaragáma
- Kaccána Peyyála/Sutta
- Kaccání 1.-The old woman whose story is
related in the story of the past in the Kaccáni Játaka.
- Kaccání 2.-See also Kátiyání.
- Kaccáni Játaka (No. 417)
- Kaccáni Vagga.-The first section of the Atthaka Nipáta of the
- Kaccáyanagandha.-One of the six books
ascribed to Mahá Kaccáyana (Gv.59); it probably refers to the
- Kaccáyanavannaná.-A commentary on
Kaccáyana's grammar by a thera of Ceylon, named Vijitáví (Svd.1242). It deals
with the sections on Sandhikappa. Bode, 46.
- Kaccáyanayoga.-A name given to the
aphorisms in Kaccáyana-vyákarana. Bode, op. cit., p.21.
- Kacchapa Játaka (No. 178, 215, 273)
- Kacchapagiri.-Another name, according to
the Mahávamsa Tika (MT.652) for the Issarasamana-vihára. It is perhaps a
variation of Kassapagiri.
- Kacchavála.-A monastery built for the
Pamsukalikas by Vajira, general of Dappula II. Cv.xlix.80.
- Kadalípattagáma.-A village in Rohana
near the ford called Nílavalá, and close to the modern Mátara. Cv.lxxv.49;
- Kadalíphaladáyaka Thera.-An arahant.
Thirty-one kappas ago he saw a Buddha and gave him a banana fruit (Ap.i.297). He
is probably identical with Cúlaka Thera (ThagA.i.334).
- Kadalípupphiya.-See Kandalípupphiya.
- Kadalisálagáma.-A village in Ceylon, the
residence of Vilasa (q.v.).
- Kadalíváta.-One of the Vanni kings of
Ceylon, head of the mercenary soldiers who were driven out of Ceylon by
Bhuvanekabáhu I. (Cv.xc.33).
- Kadamba, Kadambaka
- Kadambagona.-A vihára built by Aggabodhi
V. in Maháthala, and probably presented to the Pamsukúlins. Cv.xlviii.3;
- Kadambapupphiya Thera
- Kaddamadaha.-A lake, on the bank of
which was Váraná, where Mahá-Kaccána once stayed, and where he was visited by
the brahmin Árámadanda. A.i.65.
- Kaddúragáma.-A village near Álisára; the
village entrenchment was captured by Máyágeha, general of Parakkamabáhu I.
- Kadiliya.-A Damila chief who was
defeated by the forces of Parakkamabáhu I. at Kundayankotta. Cv.lxxvi.177.
- Káhallivápi.-A tank restored by
Parakkamabáhu I. Cv.lxxix.37.
- Kájagallaka.-A village in Ceylon,
probably near modern Kurunegala. An elephant-stable was there, from which
Bhuvanekabáhu I. took an elephant. Cv.xc.9.
- Kajangala (Kajangalá)
- Káka Játaka (No.140, 146, 395)
- Káka Sutta.-The wicked monk is like a
crow in that he possesses the same ten qualities: offensiveness, recklessness,
shamelessness, excessive greed, cruelty, gruesomeness, want of strength, "earthyness"
(? oravitá), bewilderment and meanness. A.v.149; see also G.S.v.101.
- Kakacúpama Sutta
- Kákálaya.-A village in Ceylon where
there was a Damila stronghold captured by Parakkamabáhu II. Cv.lxxxiii.12.
- Kákanda, Kákandí.-The commentaries speak
of Kákanda as a sage of yore and mention him in the company of Savattha and
Kusumba. His residence later came to be called Kákandí. SnA.i.300; cp. KhA.110;
- Kákandaka.-A brahmin, father of Yasa
Thera, the latter being generally referred to as Yasa Kákandakaputta (q.v.).
Mhv.iv.12, 49, 57, etc.; Dpv.v.23; Mbv.96.
- Kákaneru.-One of the highest mountains
in the world; mentioned together with Málágiri, Himavá, Gijjha, Sudassana and
Nisabha. J.vi.204, 212.
- Kákannádu.-A district in South India
subdued by the forces of Parakkamabáhu I. Cv.lxxvi.262.
- Kakantaka Játaka.-The same as the Kakantaka-Pańha.
- Kakantaka Vagga.-The fifteenth chapter
of the Eka Nipáta of the Játakatthakathá. J.i.487-511.
- Kákátí Játaka (No.327)
- Kákátí.-Chief queen of the Bodhisatta,
in one of his births as king of Benares. See Kákátí Játaka.
- Kákavaliya, Kákavalliya
- Kakkara Játaka (No. 209)
- Kakkarapatta.-A township of the Koliyans.
It was while the Buddha was staying there that the Koliyan Díghajánu came to see
- Kakkáru Játaka (No. 326)
- Kakkárupújaka Thera.-An arahant.
Thirty-one kappas ago he was a deva and offered a kakkáru-flower to the Buddha
Sikhí. Nine kappas ago he was a king named Sattuttama (Ap.i.177). He is
evidently identical with Jenta Thera. ThagA.i.219.
- Kakkárupupphiya Thera.-An arahant.
Ninety-two kappas ago he was a deva in the Yáma-world and, approaching the
Pacceka Buddha Gotama, offered him a kakkáru-flower. v.l. Kekkáru°. Ap.i.286.
- Kakkata Játaka (No. 267)
- Kakkatarasadáyaka-vimána Vatthu
- Kakkhalavitthi.-A village given by
Jetthatissa III. for the maintenance of the Veluvana-vihára (near Anurádhapura).
- Kakkola.-A district in South India which
supplied soldiers to Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.2.
- Kákola.-A hell; beings born there are
dragged about by flocks of ravens, vultures and hawks, and eaten alive.
- Kakubandhagáma.-A village in Rohana.
- Kakubandhakandara.-A stream, near
- Kakudha Sutta
- Kakudha Vagga.-The tenth chapter of the Pańcaka Nipáta of the Anguttara Nikáya. A.iii.118-26.
- Kakusandha Sutta.-To Kakusandha, as to
the Buddha before he was enlightened, came thoughts of the suffering in the
world and of how it could be stopped. S.ii.9.
- Kakutthá (Kakutthá, Kukutthá)
- Kála Sutta
- Kálabáhu Játaka (No.329)
- Kálabáhu.-A monkey, a previous birth of
Devadatta. See the Kálabáhu Játaka. J.iii.97ff
- Kála-bhikkhu Sutta.-See Kálaka(-bhikkhu)
- Kalábu.-King of Kásí. He tortured the
ascetic Khantivádí who was the Bodhisatta. He was therefore swallowed up in
Avíci. He was a previous incarnation of Devadatta. The story is given in the
Khantivádí Játaka (J.iii.39ff; he is often referred to, e.g., J.v.135,143ff).
- Káladána Sutta.-The name given in the
Sutta Sangaha (No. 1) for Kála Sutta (3).
- Káladíghávika.-A padhánaghara built by
- Kálagáma. A village in Ceylon. A
minister of this village is given as an example of a man who committed suicide
in remorse (vippatisárí). SnA.i.30.
- Kálagiri, Kálágiri.-See Kálapabbata.
- Kálagiribhanda.-A district in Ceylon.
The forces of Parakkamabáhu I. fought there twenty battles before it could be
brought under subjection (Cv.lxxii.62). It is identified with the modern
Kalugalboda-rata. Cv.Trs.i.325, n.1.
- Kálágiri-khana.-That section of the
Vidhurapandita Játaka which ends with the bringing of Vidhura by Punnaka to the
realm of the Nágas. J.vi.314.
- Kalahanagara.-A village built on the spot
where Pandukábhaya defeated the soldiers sent by the father of Suvannapálí to
rescue her. Mhv.x.42; see also Mhv.Trs.71, n.1, for its identification.
- Kalahaviváda Sutta
- Kalahayinádu.-A district in South India.
- Kálaka Sutta
- Kalakacchagáma.-A village in Ceylon,
near Kalyání. At the Nága-mahá-vihára there the thera Maliyadeva preached the
Cha-chakka Sutta; sixty monks heard it and became arahants. MA.ii.1025.
- Kálakagáma.-A village in Ceylon in which
was the Mandaláráma, the residence of the Elder Mahásona (q.v.). VibhA.448. It
was evidently the same as Kallagama (q.v.).
- Kálakanní Játaka (No.83)
- Kálakáráma Sutta.-See Kálaka Sutta.
- Kálakáráma.-The park presented to the
Buddha by Kálaka, and the monastery he built therein for the Buddha. The Buddha
stayed there on his visit to Sáketa at Cúla-Subhaddá's request. A.ii.24;
- Kálakúta.-One of the five mountain
ranges surrounding Anotatta. It has the colour of ańjana (collyrium).
SnA.ii.437; UdA.300; AA.ii.759; MA.ii.585.
- Kalalahallika. A village and tank near
Álisára. There was a fortification there.. The tank was restored by
Parakkamabáhu I. Cv.lxviii.48; lxx.73, 163; also Cv. Trs.i.301, n.1.
- Kálamahí.-A branch of the river Mahá-Mahí,
which it later rejoins. SnA.i.27.
- Kálamattika.-A tank given by Jetthatissa
for the use of the Cetiyapabbata-vihára. Mhv.xxxvi.130.
- Kálamattiya, Kálamattika.-A forest.
Mutthika, after his death, was born as a goblin in this forest, and when
Baladeva reached the spot during his flight, Mutthika challenged him to a
wrestling match and ate him up "like a radish-bulb." J.iv.82, 88.
- Kalamba.-A river near
Anurádhapura, probably identical with Kadamba (Sp.ii.474) (q.v.). The river was
to the east of Anurádhapura. MA.ii.653.
- Kalambadáyaka Thera.-An arahant.
Ninety-four kappas ago he met a Pacceka Buddha named Romasa and gave him a
radish (kalamba). Ap.ii.393.
- Kalambaka-Vihára.-A monastery built by
King Saddhátissa. Mhv.xxxvii.8.
- Kálanadí.-A river in Ceylon, the present
Kaluganga. Devapatirája built over the river a bridge of eighty-six cubits and
laid out a garden of coco palms from the river to Bhímatittha-vihára.
- Kálanága.-See Mahá-Kála.
- Kálanágara.-The family to which the
general Parakkama belonged. Cv.lxxx.49.
- Kalandagáma.-A brahmin village in
Ceylon, where King Mahásena built a vihára on the site of an old Hindu temple.
- Kalandakagáma.-A village near Vesáli; it
was the birthplace of Sudinna (Vin.iii.11). Buddhaghosa (Sp.i.202) says the name
was given because of the squirrels who lived there.
- Kalandakaputta.-See Sudinna. Kalanda or
Kalandaka was the name, not of his father, but of his village. Sp.i.202.
- Kalanduka Játaka (No.127)
- Kalanduka.-A servant of the Treasurer of
Benares (Báránasí-setthi). See Kalanduka Játaka.
- Kálapásána.-A tank in Ceylon; one of
sixteen tanks built by King Nabásena. Mhv.xxxvii.49.
- Kálapilla.-A locality in Rohana in
Ceylon. There the troops of Parakkamabáhu I. defeated those of Gajabáhu.
- Kalára Sutta
- Kalárakhattiya Vagga.-The fourth chapter
of the Nidána Samyutta. S.ii.47-68.
- Kalárakkhattiya.-A monk. He visits
Sáriputta and tells him of Moliya-Phagguna's secession from the Order. The
account of the incident is included in the Kalára Sutta (q.v.).
- Kálasela.-A statue of the Buddha. See
- Kalasigáma.-The birthplace of Milinda in
the Island of Alasandá (or Alexandria) in the Indus (Mil.83). Rhys Davids (Milinda
Questions, i., p.xxiii) thinks that the name is identical with that of the Greek
- Kálasumana.-Thera. One of those
responsible for preserving the Vinaya in Ceylon after the death of Mahinda.
- Kálasutta.-One of the principal hells
(J.v.266, 267, 268). Beings born there are placed on a floor of heated iron,
marked with a black thread made red hot, and then cut into pieces along the
- Kálatinduka Vihára.-A monastery in
- Kálatittha.-A locality in Rohana. There
Vikkamapandu had his seat of government (Cv.lvi.12). It is identified with the
modern Kalutara, at the mouth of the Kaluganga.
- Kálávaka.-The tribe of ordinary
elephants, each one of which possesses the strength of ten men. MA.i.263;
UdA.403; VibhA.397; BuA.37, etc.
- Kálavalli.-A tank repaired by
Parakkamabáhu I. Cv.lxxiz.36.
- Kálavallimandapa.-A vihára in Ceylon,
the residence of the Elder Mahánága (DA.i.190, 191; SnA.i.56; VbhA.352, 353;
J.iv.490; MT.606). It was near the village Nakulanagara (DhsA.339) and was
situated in Rohana (AA.i.384).
- Kálavilangika.-See Mahá Kassapa.
- Kaláyamutthi Játaka (No.176)
- Káláyanakannika.-A locality in Rohana.
There Mahádáthika Mahánága built two viháras, Maninágapabbata and Kalanda.
- Káli Sutta
- Kálí Sutta.-Kálí Kururaghara visits
Mahá-Kaccána and asks him for a detailed exposition of one of the stanzas in the
Kumáripańhas. (The stanza occurs at S.i.126). Mahá-Kaccána explains, and his
explanation deals with the ten kasinas. A.v.46f
- Káli.-A tank in Ceylon, built by King
Vasabha (Mhv.xxxv.95). It was among those repaired by Parakkamabáhu I.
- Káliká.-See Kálí (9).
- Kalikála.-A Damila chieftain, conquered
by Lankápura. Cv.lxxvi.214f.
honorific ("all-knowing scholar of the Dark Age") given to Parakkamabáhu II. on
account of his vast erudition. Cv.lxxxii.3.
- Kálikarakkhiya.-An ancient sage
mentioned in a list of sages, together with Samudda, Bharata, Angírasa, Kassapa,
Kisavaccha and Akitti. J.vi.99.
- Kalimbha Thera (Kalimma).-One of the
monks who lived in the Kútágárasálá in Vesálí. Finding that the peace of the
Mahávana was being disturbed by the Licchavis who came to see the Buddha, he,
with the other monks, went to Gosingasálavana. A.v.133f.
- Kálindí.-A channel in the irrigation
system of Parakkamabáhu I., flowing southward from the Manihíra tank.
- Kálinga, Kalinga
- Kálinga-bháradvája.-The chaplain of King
Kálinga. See the Kálingabodhi Játaka. He was the Bodhisatta, and is sometimes
called Kálinga-bráhmana (E.g., J.iv.235).
- Kálingabodhi Játaka (No.479)
- Kalingara Sutta
- Kálingárańńa.-See Kálinga (2).
- Kallagáma.-A village in Ceylon. In the
village was the Mandálárámaka-vihára (q.v.). AA.i.22, 52.
- Kallakálena.-A monastery in Ceylon,
built by Saddhátissa. Mhv.xxxiii.7.
- Kallakavelára.-A Damila chief, brother
of Tondamána's wife. He was slain by Lankápura. Cv.lxxvii.40, 50.
- Kallaka-vihára.-A monastery in Ceylon,
near Bhokkantagáma. There Sumaná, wife of Lakuntaka Atimbam, heard the preaching
of the Ásívisopama Sutta and became an arahant. DhA.iv.51.
- Kallara.-A district in South India.
- Kallavá Sutta.-Of those who meditate
some are clever in concentration but are not fully expert in meditation, some
are the reverse, some have neither quality, while others have both. S.iii.265.
- Kallavála, Kanaválamutta
- Kallita Sutta.-A man may be skilled in
ease in concentration, but not in the range thereof, nor in resolve, zeal,
perseverance, or profit. S.iii.275.
- Káludáyí Thera
- Kálúla.-A monastery in Ceylon. Aggabodhi
VIII, gave a village for its maintenance. Cv.xlix.47.
- Kálúpakála.-The name of the warders in charge of a hell bearing the
same name. They smite their victims with arrows and spears.
- Kálussa.-A village given by Udaya I, to
the Níláráma (Cv.xlix.16).
- Kalyána (Kalyánaka).-A king of the Mahásammata race. He was the son of Vararoja and one of the ancestors of the
Sákyans. His son was Varakalyána. DA.i.258; SnA.i.352; J.ii.311; iii.464;
Mhv.ii.2; Dpv.iii.4; Mtu.i.345.
- Kalyánabhatta-tissa.-See Ariyagála-tissa.
- Kalyána-dhamma Játaka (No.171)
- Kalyána-dhamma Vagga.-The third chapter
of the Duka Nipáta of the Játaka. J.ii.63-86.
- Kalyánamitta Sutta
- Kalyánamitta Vagga.-The eighth chapter
of the Eka Nipáta of the Anguttara Nikáya. A.i.14f.
- Kalyání Sutta.-No beautiful woman (janapadakalyání)
can persistently possess the heart of a man who is fond of gain, favours, and
- Kalyanigáma.-A village, probably in or
near Kalyání; it was the residence of Mahátissa Thera. SnA.i.6.
- Kalyánippakarana.-A record of the famous
Kalyáni inscriptions set up near Pegu by Dhammaceti, giving details of the
consecration of the Kalyánisímá in Pegu by the monks who received their
ordination at the Kalyáni-vihára in Ceylon. Bode, 23, 38f.; P.L.C.257f.
- Kalyáni-Tissa.-A king of Kalyání, father
of Viháramahádeví (Mhv.xxii.12ff). He was great-grandson of Mutasíva and
grandson of Uttiya. His younger brother was called Ayya-Uttiya (MT.431).