Proper Names - P -
- Pára Sutta.
The Buddha teaches of the further shore (beyond samsára) and the path leading
- Paradárika Sutta.
About a man of Rájagaha, an adulterer, born as a peta in a dung pit and seen
by Mahá Moggallána. S.ii.258.
A class of devas. D.ii.260.
- Paragáma vihára.
A monastery in Ceylon, restored by Vijayabáhu I. Cv.lx.61.
The region beyond the Ganges (E.g., J.ii.333; vi.427), to be exiled into which
was a great punishment. E.g., SN. pp. 32, 47.
The first of the two divisions of the Sutta Vibhanga of the
The first chapter of the Párájiká.
The third of the five divisions of the Pátimokkha.
A monastic building attached to the Valligáma vihára and erected by
Parakkamabáhu IV. Cv.xc.96.
One of the three Virapperayaras whom Lankápura won over with gifts to alliance
with Vírapandu. Cv.lxxvii.6.
A tank built by Parakkamabáhu I. It was connected with the Káragangá by the
Godávarí Canal. Cv.lxxix.28,67.
A tank built by Parakkamabáhu I (Cv.lxxix.27). See Parakkamabáhu.
- Parakkantabáhu, Parakkantabhuja.
One of the cities of Uttarakuru, described as having been built on an airy
- Paramannadáyaka Thera.
An arahant. Ninety one kappas ago he invited Vipassí Buddha to his house,
where he served him with excellent food. Ap.i.249.
A king of Ayodhya (in India?) who built a monastery, called the Lankáráma, for
the Elder Dhammakitti. P.L.C.245.
- Paramassása Sutta.
A conversation between Sáriputta and Jambukhádaka on what constitutes supreme
comfort. S.ii.254; cp.iv.261.
A Brahmá who was present at the Mahásamaya. D.ii.260.
A grammatical work on Páli, by King Kyocvá of Pagan. There is a Tíká on it by
Mahá Kassapa. Bode, op. cit., 25.
Another name for the Khemappakarana (q.v.).
- Paramatthadípaní 1.
Dhammapála's Commentary on the Udáná, Itivuttaka, Vimánavatthu, Petavatthu,
Theragáthá and Therígáthá (Gv.60). It seems also to have been called
Vimalavilásiní. P.L.C.114, n.4.
- Paramatthadípaní 2.-The
name given to the Pańcappakaratthakathá. SadS.60.
Buddhaghosa's Commentary on the Khuddakapátha, Dhammapada, Sutta Nipáta and
- Paramatthamańjúsá 1.
Dhammapála’s Commentary (Tíká) on the Visuddhi-Magga.
- Paramatthamańjúsá 2.
An Abhidhamma treatise by Vepullabuddhi. Bode, op. cit., 28.
name given to the Múlatiká on the Abhidhamma-Pitaka written in Ceylon under
Mahá Kassapa. SadS.60.
A treatise on the Abhidhamma written by Anuruddha of Káńcipura. There exists a
Tíká on it by Máhábodhi Thera. P.L.C.173f.; Gv.61,71; Svd.1226, 1230; Sás.69.
It was written at the request of Sangha-rakkhita. Gv.71.
A Páli poem of one hundred verses, in twelve sections, dealing with the ten
páramitá, written by Dhammakitti Sangharája. The poem is based on the Játaka
and the Cariyá Pitaka. P.L.C. 242.
- Parammarana Sutta.
Mahá Kassapa explains to Sáriputta that the Buddha has omitted to say anything
of his existence or otherwise after death, because such a discussion would be
fruitless; but he has taught of dukkha and its cessation, because that is
The Páli name for the Portuguese, who invaded Ceylon. E.g., Cv.xcv. 5, 96;
of the ambassadors sent by Devánampiyatissa to Asoka. Dpv.xi.29, 31.
The name of a family. See Párápariya.
- Párápata Játaka.
See Romaka Játaka.
- Parappasádaka Thera.
An arahant. Ninety four kappas ago he was a brahmin named Sena, who, seeing
Siddhattha Buddha, praised him in four stanzas. Fourteen kappas ago he was
king four times under the name of Uggata (Ap.i.113f). He is probably identical
with Bhúta Thera. ThagA.i.494.
- Parasamuddavásí Therí.-Referred
to in the Commentaries (e.g., MA.ii.726); the reference is probably to the
monks of India, as opposed to those of Ceylon.
The name of a family. See Párásariya.
- Paresa Sutta.
On three qualities essential for one who teaches others the Dhamma. A.i.151.
- Paribbájaka Vagga.
The eighth chapter of the Majjhima Nikáya, containing suttas 71 80. M.i.481ff.
city in the time of Sikhí Buddha, where the Bodhisatta was born as King
- Páricchattaka Vagga.
The third chapter of the Vimána Vatthu.
Páricchattaka Vimána Vatthu
- Pariháni Sutta.
Sáriputta tells the monks of four qualities that bring about "falling off":
abundance of lust, hatred, and delusion, and want of wisdom in profound
(or Abhijána) Sutta. By not thoroughly knowing or understanding the five
khandhas one is unfit for the destruction of suffering. S.iii.26f.
- Parijánana Sutta.
Without comprehending and detaching himself from the all eye, nose, etc. a
man is incapable of extinguishing suffering. S.iv.17.
- Páriká, Párí.
A hunter's daughter, wife of Dukúlaka and mother of Suvannásama (the
Bodhisatta). For details see the Sáma Játaka. Páriká was a former birth of
Bhaddá Kápilání. J.vi.95; Mil.123.
- Parikkhára Sutta.
The seven requisites for the attainment of samddhi the first seven stages of
the Noble Eightfold Path. A.iv.40.
- Parikuppa Sutta.
Five kinds of persons who lie festering (parikuppa) in hell: those who kill
mother, father, or arahant, maliciously draw blood from the Buddha, or create
dissension in the Order. A.iii.146.
- Pariláha Sutta.
Not to understand dukkha and its cessation is far more fearsome than to be
born in the Pariláha-niraya. S.v.450.
A niraya where all objects of the senses, even when really attractive, appear
quite repulsive to those experiencing them. S.v.450.
- Párileyyaka Sutta.
When the Buddha was staying in a forest near Párileyya, some monks asked
Ananda to take them to him. This he did, and the Buddha, reading the thoughts
of certain monks, preached a sermon on the destruction of the ásavas by the
full realization of impermanence and the absence of any self. S.iii.95ff.
- Parimandala Vagga.
The first section of the Sekhiyá. Vin.iv.185 7.
- Parimucchita Sutta.
One who does not regard the body, etc., as "I" and "mine" and as "self" will
not have a hereafter. S.iii.165.
A Damila usurper, son of King Pandu. He ruled in Anurádhapura for three years
between 433 and 460, and was succeeded by his youngest brother, Khudda Parinda.
- Parińńeyya Sutta.
The All should be fully known. S.iv.29.
- Parisá Vagga.
The fifth chapter of the Duka Nipáta of the Anguttara Nikáya. A.i.70.
- Parisuddha Sutta.
Eight conditions the factors of the Noble Eightfold Path which are
absolutely pure and which come into being only on the appearance of a
- Parisuddha Vagga.
The thirteenth chapter of the Dasaka Nipáta of the Anguttara Nikáya. A.v.237
A king of sixty seven kappas ago, a previous birth of Dussadáyaka Thera.
A class of devas belonging to the Subhas (M.iii.102). Beings are born among
them after attaining the third jhána (VibhA. 507). Their life span is sixteen
kappas. AbhS. 23.
district in South India. It was given over to Colagangara in return for his
allegiance to Parakkamabáhu I. Cv.lxxvii.9.
A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.137, 221.
Parivárapátha (or Parivára)
- Párivásika Khandha.
The second section of the Culla Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka.
- Parivena vihára.
A vihára in Rohana, built by Aggabodhi, ruler of Rohana (Aggabodhi 6).
- Pariyádinna Suttá.
Two suttas on how attachments arise and on how they can be completely
- Pariyesaná Sutta.
On four quests that are un Ariyan and four that are Ariyan. A.ii.247.
Parosahassa Játaka (No. 99)
- Parosahassa Sutta.
Relates how once, when the Buddha was at Jetavana with twelve hundred and
fifty monks, instructing them and inciting them by means of a sermon on
Nibbána, Vangísa, who was in the assembly, after obtaining the Buddha's
permission, extolled him in a number of verses. S.i.192.
- Parosata Játaka
(No. 101). This story is analogous in all respects to the Parosahassa Játaka
- Parosata Vagga.
The eleventh chapter of the Eka Nipáta of the Játakatthakathá. J.i.410 24.
A locality in South India, captured by Lankápura. Cv.lxxvi.236.
- Pasádabahula Sutta.-See Pásádabahula, which is a
- Pásádakampana Vagga.
The second chapter of the Iddhipáda Samyutta
(S.v.263ff). It derives its name from the Pásádakampana (or Moggallána) Sutta
- Pasádapásáda. A monastic building erected in the
Selantarasamúhavihára by Yasodhará, daughter of Vijayabáhu I. Cv.Ix.84.
- Pásána Sutta.
Once when the Buddha was in Gijjhakúta on a dark and rainy night, Mára sent
many rocks crashing down in order to frighten him, but the Buddha was quite
A tank restored by Parakkamabáhu I. Cv.lxxix.36.
- Pásánalekha Sutta.
Three kinds of persons: like carvings on rock, on the ground and on water. The
first is easily angered and his anger lasts long; that of the second does not
last long; the third is easily reconciled. A.i.283.
A hill near Anurádhapura, to the north of the Nícasusána, laid out by
A locality in Ceylon where Dhátusena built the Dhátusenapabbata vihára.
A ford across the Kadambanadí. From this ford the símá of the Mahávihára
started, returning to the same spot. In Pásánatittha was the Kuddavátakapásána.
village in Rohana, near Mahágáma. Ras.i.103.
- Pásarási Sutta.
Another name for the Ariyapariyesaná Sutta (q.v.). See also MA.ii.740.
- Pasayha Sutta. Five powers - beauty, wealth,
kin, sons, virtue - the possession of which enables a woman to live at home,
overpowering (pasayha) her husband. S.iv.246.
- Passaddhi Sutta. On tranquillity - a
conversation between Ananda and Udáyí. A.iv.455.
- Passí. A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a nominal
list. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107; MA.ii.890.
- Pátála Sutta.
The worldlings speak of a bottomless pit (pátála) in the mighty ocean. But the
real pátála is painful bodily feeling, which brings about weeping and wailing
and lamentation. S.iv.206f.
or Mánapa Sutta. A series of discussions between Pátali and the Buddha,
on various topics. S.iv.340ff.
A headsman of Uttara who visited the Buddha and questioned him regarding his
power of magic. Several conversations he had with the Buddha, on various
topics, are given in the Samyutta Nikáya. S.iv.340ff.
- Pátaligámiya Vagga.
The eighth section of the Udána. Ud., pp.
Thera. An arahant. Ninety two kappas ago he was a setthi putta who, seeing
Tissa Buddha, offered him a lapful of pátaliflowers. Sixty three kappas ago he
was a king named Abhisammata. Ap.i.122f.
A Paribbájaka; see Potaliputta, for which it is a wrong reading.
- Patápa. A mythical king, descendant of
Mahásammata. His father was Maháruci (or Suruci) and his son was Mahápatápa.
- Patápana. A Niraya (J.v.266, 453), so called
because its heat was excessive (ativiya tápetí ti Patápano). J.v.271.
A locality in South India, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of
Lankápura. Cv.lxxvi.224, 234.
- Pathama Cetiya. A cetiya built by
Devánampiyatissa, on the spot where Mahinda alighted on his first visit to
Anurádhapura and the king's palace. Mhv.xiv.45; xx.20; Sp.i.79. One of the
eight Bodhi saplings was planted there. Mhv.xix.61.
- Pathamasambodhi. The name of a book. Gv. 65, 75.
- Pathamasuddhiya Sutta. The four jhánas, which,
when cultivated, flow to Nibbána, just as the Ganges flows to the east.
- Pathavicálaka Dhammagutta. See Dhammagutta.
- Pathavidundubhi. A king of ninety one kappas ago,
a previous birth of Mánava (Sammukháthavika). ThagA.i.163; Ap.i.159.
- Pathavindhara 1. A Nága king, a previous birth of
Ráhula. AA.i.142, etc.; but see s.v. Ráhula.
- Pathavindhara 2. Son of Kiki, king of Benares. He
built one of the gateways of the Dhátughara of Kassapa Buddha. SNA.i.194.
- Pátheyya Sutta.-Spoken
in answer to a deva's questions. Faith is the provision for the way (of
samsára); desires drag men round and round. S.i.44.
A monastery in Ceylon, restored by Vijayabáhu I. Cv.Ix.58.
- Páti Sutta.
Dire are gains, favours and flattery. They tempt even a man, otherwise
incorruptible, to lie for the sake of a silver bowl filled with gold dust, or
a golden bowl filled with silver dust. S.ii.233.
- Patibhána Sutta. The four kinds of people in the
world: he who replies to the point, not diffusely; he who replies diffusely;
- Pátibhoga Sutta.
Four things against which there can be no surety: decay, disease, death and
rebirth. A.ii.112; cp.iii.54; Kvu.457.
- Paticchanna Sutta. Three things which are
practised in secret: the ways of women, the chants of brahmins, the views of
perverse men; and three others which are there for all to see: the sun, the
moon, and the dhamma-vinaya of a Tathágata. A.i.282.
- Patidesaníya Vagga. One of the sub divisions of
the Pácittiya. Vin.iii.175ff.
The sixth chapter of the Pańńávagga of the Patisambhidámagga.
- Pátihírasańńaka Thera.
An arahant. In the past he had seen the miracles attending the entry of
Padumuttara Buddha into his city and marvelled thereat. Ap.ii.392.
- Patijagga. Sixty seven kappas ago there were
seven kings of this name, all previous incarnations of Citakapújaka Thera.
A park near Vesáli, where the Buddha was staying, when Sunakkhatta, having
failed to impress him as to the greatness of Korakkhattiya, left the Order and
went about abusing the Buddha. J.i.389; cp.ibid., 77.
- Patikkúla Sutta. The idea of the repulsiveness of
food, if cultivated and encouraged, conduces to great profit. S.v.132.
- Patikolamba. A cook. He refused to listen to
Sattigumba who suggested killing the Pańcála king (J.iv.431f.). See the
- Patilábha Sutta. A description of the five
- Patilína Sutta. A monk, who has shaken off
various speculations, has given up searching for sense pleasures and going on
other quests and has obtained calm by abandoning pleasure and pain, such a one
is called patilína (withdrawn). A.ii.41f.
- Patimá vihára. A monastery probably in Kánagáma,
where Aggabodhi, ruler of Rohana, set up a large stone image of the Buddha.
- Pátimokkha Sutta.
A monk asks the Buddha for a brief teaching. The Buddha tells him that he
should dwell in the self control of the Pátimokkha, well equipped in his range
of practice (ácáragocarasampanno), seeing danger in the minutest faults and
undertaking the precepts. Thus will he be able to develop the four
A book for Vinaya students, by Ńánavara. Bode, op cit., 67.
- Pátimokkhathapana Khandaka.
The ninth chapter of the Culla Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka.
A commentary by Saddhammajotipála. Gv.p.64.
- Patipatti Sutta. Preached at Sávatthi, on wrong
conduct and right conduct. S.v.23.
- Patipatti Vagga. The fourth chapter of the Magga
- Patipattisangaha.-A Páli work by an unknown
author. Gv. 62, 72.
- Patirúpa Sutta. The Buddha was once staying in
Ekasálá in Kosala, and there preached to a large congregation. Mára warned the
Buddha not to teach, lest he should suffer both from the zeal of his
supporters and the anger of his opponents. The Tathágatha is unmindful of
both, answered the Buddha. S.i.111.
- Patisallána Sutta. The Buddha exhorts the monks
to apply themselves to solitude, because the solitary man knows things as they
really are. S.iii.15; iv.80; v.414.
- Patisambhidákathá. The sixth section of the
Yuganaddhavagga of the Patisambhidámagga. Ps.ii.147 158.
- Patisankhára. Thirty kappas ago there were
thirteen kings of this name, all previous births of Sudhápindiya Thera.
- Patisáráníya Sutta. Eight kinds of
disqualifications in a monk, which entitle the Order to censure him.
- Patitthárattha. Another name for Rájarattha
(q.v.), a division of Ceylon.
- Patitthita Sutta. On how a monk may establish
earnestness in the five indriyas. S.v.232.
- Patiyáloka. A place near Rájagaha. Vin.iv.79,
- Patiyáráma. The name of the Thúpáráma in the time
of Kakusandha Buddha. Sp.i.86; Dpv.xvii.11.
- Patoda Sutta. Four kinds of thoroughbred steeds
in the world and the corresponding four kinds of thoroughbred men. The first
kind of thoroughbred steed is stirred at the very sight of the shadow of the
goad stick, similarly thoroughbred men are agitated at the news of another's
- Pattadáyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety four kappas
ago he gave a bowl to Siddhattha Buddha. Ap.i.224.
- Pattakamma Sutta. Preached to Anáthapindika. Four
things are difficult to acquire in the world: wealth lawfully obtained, good
report, long life, happy rebirth. Four things conduce to their attainment:
perfection of faith, of virtue, of generosity and of wisdom. A.ii.65ff.
- Pattakamma Vagga. The seventh chapter of the
Catukka Nipáta of the Anguttara Nikáya. A.ii.65 76.
A fortress in South India, once occupied by Jagadvijaya. Cv.lxxvi.304,306;
- Pattapásána. A district of Ceylon, given for the
maintenance of the Jettháráma, by Jetthá, chief queen of Aggabodhi IV.
- Pattapásánavápí. A tank in Ceylon, formed by
Moggallána II. by the damming up of the Kadambanadí (Cv.xli.61). It was
restored by Vijyabáhu 1. (Ibid., lx.50) and again by Parakkamabáhu 1. Ibid.,
- Patthána Sutta.-Three good results for which the
good life should be lived. Sutta Sangaha No.29; Itv.67f. Perhaps the correct
name is Patthaná Sutta. The Udána calls it Sukka Sutta.
- Patthánaganánaya. An Abhidhamma treatise ascribed
to Saddhammajotipála. Gv.64,74.
- Patthánappakarana. The last "book" of the
Abhidhammapitaka. It might be described as the book of "causes," and deals
with the twenty four paccayas or modes of relations between things, mental and
material. Its Commentary was written by Buddhaghosa at the request of a monk
called Culla Buddhaghosa.
- Patthánasáradípaní. A work by a monk named
Saddhammálankára. Sás. 48; Bode, op. cit., 47.
- Patthodanadáyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety four
kappas ago he was a forester, and one day, when wandering in the forest with
his basket of rice, he saw the Buddha (Siddhattha?) and offered him the food.
- Patti. A Damila chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara.
- Pattipupphiya Thera. An arahant. He offered a
patti flower to the body of Padumuttara Buddha as it was being taken in the
procession for cremation. Ap.i.291.
- Pátubhava Sutta.
Six things, the manifestation of which in this world is rare. A.iii.441.
- Pavará. One of the five daughters of Vessavana,
appointed, with her sisters, to dance before Sakka. Vv.iii.4; VvA.131.
- Paváranakkhandha. The fourth section of the Mahá
Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka.
- Pavási Sutta.-A name given in the Sutta Sangaha
(No. 37) to Mitta Sutta (q.v.).
- Pavattá. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; MA.ii.890.
- Pavattaní Sutta. Religious talk is profitable
when they who teach the Dhamma are separately and together able to penetrate
the spirit and the letter of the Dhamma. A.i.151.
- Pavesana Sutta. Ten evil results of a monk
visiting the king's harem. A.v.81ff.; cp. Vin.iv.159.
Sutta. See Timsamatta Sutta.
An elephant. See Baddheraka.
Payága, Payágatittha, Payágapatitthána
A class of Nágas (D.ii.258). The Commentary explains (DA.ii.688) that they
lived in Páyágapatitthána.
Thera. An arahant. Ninety one kappas ago he offered a bronze bowl
filled with milk rice to Vipassí Buddha. Forty one kappas ago he was a king
named Buddha (Ap.i.157). He is probably identical with Vacchapála Thera.
- Payogasiddhi. A Páli grammatical work, belonging
to the Moggallána school, by Vanaratana Medhankara. P.L.C.230f.